The Process


Before they became jewellery, each piece in the Waterline Collection™ had another life as household copper pipe and was subject to constant erosion by the water pumped through it every day.  This erosion has given each piece its own unique character, and has been retained – and in some cases, accentuated – by the upcycling process creating what the artist calls Watermark™.

Each Waterline™ piece is therefore not only unique, but also made from 90-100% recycled materials.  They go through a transformative process of environmentally-sound cleaning, woodstove annealing, anvil hammering, and curator-style polishing.  This collection includes polished copper, Watermark™, and kiln-fired enamel pieces.



Upcycling is the process of converting waste materials or useless products into new materials or products of better quality or for better environmental value.  The goal of upcycling is to prevent wasting potentially useful materials by making use of existing ones.  This reduces the consumption of new raw materials when creating new products.  Reducing the use of new raw materials can result in a reduction of energy usage, air pollution, water pollution, and even greenhouse gas emissions.


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